THE NATIONAL PARK RODNA MOUNTAINS
The Largest Protected Reservation Area in the Northern Carpathians, part of UNESCO World Heritage.
The National Park Rodna Mountains (also called Rodnei’ Mountains) represents the largest protected area of the east part of the Romanian Carpathian chain, stretching over an area of 46,399 hectares in the central part of Rodna area.
Extending itself on a large part of Bistrita Nasaud and Maramures counties, this park is part of UNESCO World Heritage; 3.300 ha from it being considered as a Biosphere Reservation starting with 1979.
Regional map of the National Park Rodna Mountains:
This natural area comprises villages and mountain resorts as: Moisei, Sacel, Borsa, Maieru, Parva, Rebrisoara, Rodna, Romuli, Sant, Telciu si Sangeorz Bai, offering the tourists and the people passing by, marvelous landscapes, which are worthy of admiration.
Most common access roads to the park are the DN17D national road, route Nasaud – Rebrishoara and DN17C national road, route Salva – Borsa.
Rodna Mountains National Park comprises several areas declared natural scientific reserves, geological reserves, landscape reserves, flora and fauna reserves, and multiple caves, which successfully contribute to the tourism potential of the area. These include: the Big Rocky (Pietrosu Mare) Scientific Reserve – located in the north western part of the massif, the Bad Rock (Piatra Rea) Natural Reservation – which lies on 50 acres of protected meadows where the rare edelweiss can be found, the Mixed Reservation Peshtera, and the karstic spring called the Blue Spring of Iza (Izbucul Izvorul Albastru al Izei), located in the east side – that is one of the most interesting spots for the speologists, or the Mixed Reservation Lala-Ineu – which is representative for the glacial landforms that are found in these mountains. Among the most famous natural attractions that can be found here, are the Horses’ Falls and the Taushoarelor Spring, the Fairies’ Cave (Peshtera Zanelor) or The Milk’s Cave (Peshtera Laptelui).
By hiking the trails along these mountains, you can discover a variety of landscapes, characterized by the richness of flowers and rare species of plants like: the edelweiss, the mountain peony, the motley tulip, beech and pine forests, boreal and alpine meadows, and a rich fauna, represented by species such as the chamois, the Carpathian bear, the grouse, the marmot or the Carpathian deer.
In this huge natural reservation, there are many protected bird species like the black woodpecker, the tundra partridge, the eagle, the rooster, the mountain woodpecker, the black stork, the white stork, the gray heron, the owl or the grouse.
Although the landscapes offer a special charm to the place, people can enjoy here many other attractions of historical and cultural interest. Close to the Rodna National Park you can visit some of the beautiful churches of Maramuresh with their huge towers or you can admire the traditional village settlements scattered along the deep valleys.
Some of the most famous monasteries and churches of Maramuresh located in this area are: Moisei Monastery – with a a church made from stone, and a wooden church considered a historical monument – Church of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul from Sacel village, the wooden church from Borsa de Jos village, or The Romano-Catholic church from Rodna. On the list of places worth visiting here one should include the workshop of an well-known potter craftman – Tanase Burnar – who creates even nowadays wonderful potery with a mastery and skill inherited from his family tradition of Sacel.
Other attractions of the area are: the Borsha sky slope and the sky slope located in the mountain resort Valea Blaznei – that can be the ideal touristic destinations during the cold season, or the glacial lakes: Lala Mare, Lala Mica, Buhaescu sau Iezeru Pietrosului.